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NEUROFEEDBACK

Origins

What Is

The NeurOptimal® Method

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THE BRAIN

Our Brain

Neuroplasticity

Healthy habits
SESSIONS

What happens?

"Peak Performance"

Who can benefit?

Nuestro Cerebro


In order to learn something we need to use the right hemisphere of the brain more, but when we reach a certain level of skill, these activities become controlled by the left hemisphere of the brain.

Neurones are specific cells of our brain. There are 100.000 million neurones at our disposal. One produces a minimum of 1000 connections or synapses per neurone. The synapse permits communication between the neurones. This possibility of communicating between each other is specific to the nerve cells or neurones.


Neuronas


Two types of cellular extension derive from the cellular body of the neurone: the axon and the dendrites.

The axon: is the pathway through which the neurones transmit information to each other, from the pre-synaptic cell to a post-synaptic cell, thanks to the connection or synapse they establish.

Dendrites: are extensions of the cellular body. They divide themselves like branches of a tree and act as receptors for the signals arriving from other neurones.
Dendrites are the entrances whilst the axons represent the exits.

After travelling along the axon, and arriving at the end of a neurone, the electrical impulse causes little vesicles containing the neurotransmitter (chemical) to open. This diffuses across the intercellular space and arrives at the next cell membrane where it generates a new electrical signal, using mechanisms which are very complex but perfectly understood.

As the signals are transmitted through the axon, in the form of electrical impulses and given the importance of the length of the axon (in comparison with the thousandth of a millimetre that the neurone measures) nature has created an insulating layer that completely surrounds the axon. This insulation is formed by cells called Schwann cells that contain myelin (a very insulating fatty substance) and which wrap themselves around the axon, like the insulating covering of a cable.


Neurona


As we can see, the communication between neurones is electrical, chemical and again electrical. One can measure this electrical activity by means of an electroencephalogram (EEG).

Brain-waves, emanating from the hemispheres and detected by the EEG, are the reflection of the electrical activity of the brain. These waves have been classified according to their frequency and specific states of consciousness. Here are the main ones:


EEG


Two important types of neurones exist: the excitatory neurones and the inhibitory neurones which slow down the activity of the excitatory neurones.

In order for the brain to function adequately, it is important that there is a certain balance between these two types of neurones. If an imbalance exists, major or minor disorders can manifest.

A neural imbalance can be corrected thanks to the NeurOptimal® feedback method. Weak connections receive a boost and are rebalanced little by little, which helps to achieve a greater emotional stability and psychological wellbeing.